Odjel za psihologiju

The gift of positivity

Gian Vittorio Caprara
Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Over the years several studies have corroborated earlier findings showing that self-esteem, life satisfaction, and optimism are generally associated to positive outcomes and can be traced to a common latent dimension that originally has been named positive orientation. This set the premises for focusing on individuals’ disposition to take a positive stance towards themselves and their existence as a trait like basic disposition, named Positivity, and for developing a proper measure for its assessment. Results of manifold investigations will be presented with the aim to clarify the distinctiveness and the function of Positivity in personality development and well adjustment and its impact across domains of functioning and context.

Keywords: personality, positive attitude towards life, well-being